MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Extermination

Auschwitz I, Block 4 – Extermination

This section shows the reasons why prisoners of various ethnicities were imprisoned in the camp, and the deportation and mass killing of the European Jews. These issues are presented with the help of photocopies of camp records, photographs taken when the camp was in operation, large-format plans, maps, and texts, models and mock-ups of the extermination facilities, and original exhibits including canisters of the Zyklon B used for mass killing in the gas chambers and metal parts from the destroyed crematoria.

Victims' hair, one of the most dramatic proofs of the atrocities, was also exhibited.