MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Death Wall

The Death Wall (reconstruction)

Located in the yard at the side of block 11. The condemned were led to the wall for execution. SS men shot several thousand people there—mostly Polish political prisoners and, above all, members of clandestine organizations.

Executions were also carried out here on Poles brought in from outside with death sentences, including hostages detained in reprisal for Polish resistance movement operations. Cases are known in which prisoners from other groups—Jews and Soviet POWs—were shot. The wall was dismantled in 1944, while the camp was still in existence. This did not mean the end of executions, however. Prisoners were also subjected to other form of punishment in the yard, including flogging and "the post."