MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Russia

Russian exhibition — "Tragedy. Valour. Liberation".

The exhibition was officially opened on 27 January 2013 on the 68th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz. The exhibition is divided into four parts.

  • “The Tragedy of Soviet Prisoners of War,” presenting the policy of the Germany Nazi against Soviet prisoners of war, their fate in various POW camps, most of all in Auschwitz. In Auschwitz, they were the fourth largest group of prisoners, treated by the camp authorities with particular cruelty. From among approximately 15,000 prisoners brought into the camp, at the last roll call in January 1945, only 96 prisoners participated. 
  • “Occupation Regime,” showing the policies of the German occupants towards the civilian population in the occupied territories of the USSR.
  • “The Civilian Population from the Territories of the USSR in Auschwitz.” This section shows the fate of civilians deported from 1942 to Auschwitz, of whom a large number were women and children.
  • "Liberation". It recounts the moment of liberation by Red Army soldiers. Visitors can see excerpts from the liberation chronicles, battlefield maps, and army staff documents. A separate section tells the story of the soldiers who fought to liberate Auschwitz. Later the exhibition illustrates events immediately after liberation as well as recounts the self-sacrificing efforts by doctors and local civilians who helped save the prisoners. A special installation replicates part of an army field hospital. The last part covers the effort to document the crimes committed in Auschwitz. A major part of this segment of the exhibition is a symbolically bounded-off place for German war criminals at the Nuremberg Trial.