MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Task 9

Task 9 Conducting research at Sector BI and the adjoined sewage treatment units

Completed in 2012

The delivery of Task 9 Conducting research at Sector BI and the adjoined sewage treatment units involved archaeological surveys as well as geological and hydrological surveys of Section BI, along with the adjacent site of the former sewage treatment plant.

I. Archaelogical survey

The archaeological survey under Task 9 is based on a detailed programme of archaeological excavations at Section BI, along with the adjacent site of the former sewage treatment plant of KL Auschwitz .II, involving the following site-related aspects:

  • land sculpture before the camp was established and stratigraphic layers;
  • location of the building and roads in the early 20th century;
  • situation of brick residential barracks;
  • location of wooden foundations of wooden residential barracks;
  • location of brick barracks of sanitary facilities, kitchen and warehouses;
  • location and outline of existing utility barracks and other structures;
  • flooring in brick and wooden barracks;
  • location of foundations of gate and fencing pillars;
  • location of buildings outside the fence;
  • the course and structure of camp roads and path;
  • the course of rain drainage system and sewage system;
  • water piping system;
  • the course of unused ditches and culverts;
  • the course of the draining system;
  • identification of local embankments and ground hollows.

Field work began in October 2012. For 2 months a team of archaeologists from Łódź was trying to find an answer to questions asked in the programme of research at 104 excavation sites on a total area of ca. 980 m2.
Currently the analysis of archive materials and conservation of items which have been found is underway.

II Geology and hydrology survey

A site map was prepared with the proposed geological drilling locations, taking into account the underground systems identified to date. Thanks to the map the risk of affecting the historic underground systems during the surveys was minimised and the drilling locations optimised.
Field work began in November 2012 under archaeological supervision after geology survey plans were approved. Field research encompasses:

  • geodetic measurements,
  • small diameter drilling,
  • static and dynamic probing,
  • analysis of load bearing capacity indicator (CBR),
  • revealing foundations,
  • installation of piezometers, monitoring and measurement of groundwater level,
  • laboratory analysis of soil and water samples.

As a result of research, geology & engineering and hydrological documentation will be compiled.

Archeaological, geology and hydrological surveys will provide valuable information which will help to verify not only the actual location of some underground installations, the former camp roads and wooden barracks, but also archive documents, plans and maps of camp buildings and the camp area.
The documentation will serve to prepare the water drainage system of the area under research, construction plans and conservation programmes for BI section structures and the adjoining area of the sewage treatment units of the former KL Auschwitz II – Birkenau.

Completed in 2013

  1. Archaeological survey:
    Field work under the task ”Archaeological survey on the BI section in the former KL. Auschwitz II - Birkenau and archaeological supervision services during earthworks accompanying geological and hydrogeological surveys” continued from October 2012 to March 2013. The result of the work which was completed is the documentation of archaeological survey, including compilation of archaeological survey results and documentation of the archaeological supervision of geology and hydrogeology surveys, as well as conservator’s documentation of findings collected during the earthworks.
    The project was completed in December 2013.
  2. Geology and hydrogeology surveys:
    Field works under the task ”Geological and hydrogeological surveys on the BI section and the area of sewage treatment units in the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp, along with geological-engineering and hydrogeological documentation prepared on that basis” continued from November 2012 to March 2013. After the analysis of field work and laboratory test results, the contractor presented complete geology and engineering documentation which was approved by the Powiat Starost Office in Oświęcim in May 2013. Observation and measurements of groundwater table using installed piezometers continued, as well as measurements of water table in wells, ditches and streams.
    The contractor prepared hydrogeology documentation which was also approved by the Powiat Starost Office in Oświęcim.
    The project was completed in November 2013.
  3. Analysis of deformation
    As a result of post-tender savings an additional project was launched, consisting analysis of deformations and vectorial documentation of facilities on BI section of the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp for 14 objects on the basis of data from a ground-based laser scanner. A call for tenders was held and the best-price tender selected. Since June 2013, field work consisting of laser scanning of selected objects has continued. All objects have been scanned and complete documentation of 6 objects prepared. The work is planned to be finished in May 2014.

Completed in 2014

In May 2014, the analysis of distortion and vectoral documentation of objects on section  BI of the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp was completed  based on the data from the scanning of 14 objects by a ground-based laser scanner.
The surveys covered residential barracks, baths, kitchens, watchtowers, a storage building, and  sanitary facilities. The result of the work consists of the following documentation for every object:
- vectoral documentation showing the object’s geometry, inclinations, and damaged construction elements,
- hypsometric and layer maps of distortion of floors and external walls,
- hypsometric maps of distortion of posts and stacks,
- charts showing  inclination of beams, posts and stacks
And a three-dimensional model in the object in the grey scale.
The Completed in of the 2nd stage of the project encompassing the distortion analysis began,  covering examination of 6 objects on  BI section of the former  Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. Additionally, the project includes  the production of panoramic views TrueView for all  20 objects covered by distortion analysis. As a result, a metric view of the object registered will be obtained and the access to  data without a need to use specialist software. 

Completed in 2015

In January 2015, the task consisting in the distortion analysis based on data from the ground laser scanner (2nd step), covering 6 buildings on BI section of the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp was completed.

The documentation concerned residential barracks, baths and sanitary facilities. As a result, the following work was completed with regard to each object:

- vectoral documentation showing the building’s geometry, inclination and damaged construction elements,

- maps of distortion of the floors and external walls,

- maps of distortion of posts and stacks,

- charts of inclination of beams, posts and stacks

- three-dimensional grey-scale model of the object,and panoramic views (TrueView) of all the twenty buildings where the distortion analysis was performed.

Thus at the end of February 2015, entire task 9 was already completed, consisting of the following sub-tasks:

”Carrying out archaeological research on section BI of the former KL Auschwitz II - Birkenau camp and the services of archaeological supervision over earthworks accompanying geological and hydrogeological studies.”

”Geological and hydrogeological studies of BI section and sewage treatment units in the former Auschwitz II - Birkenau camp, and developing the relevant geological-engineering and hydrogeological documentation on that basis”.

”The service consisting of carrying out distortion analysis and preparing vectoral documentation of objects on BI section of the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp based on ground laser scanner data. “

”The service consisting of carrying out distortion analysis and preparing vectoral documentation of objects on BI section of the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp based on data from a ground laser scanner – 2nd step.”

 

All studies received as a result of research were transferred to the archives of the Conservation Department, and large-size printouts were placed in special metal cabinets. The studies are used on a daily basis for preparation and design work.

The entire task was completed in February 2015. 

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