The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi at the Auschwitz Memorial
The speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi visited the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum on 21 January. The delegation also included members of the United States Congress. The guests were welcomed by the deputy director of the Museum, Anna Skrzypińska.
The guests visited an extensive section of the Museum exposition, including Block 4, containing basic information on persons deported to Auschwitz: Jews, Poles, the Roma, Soviet prisoners of war and representatives of other nationalities and groups imprisoned by the Germans in the camp. The block also houses a model of the gas chamber and Crematorium II from Birkenau, empty cans of Zyklon B, as well as human hair cut off from the murdered victims
In block 5, the guests saw personal objects of victims that were found in these storage rooms after the liberation of the camp. These include shoes, suitcases, prosthesis, glasses, brushes, kitchen utensils etc.
Nancy Pelosi, along with the Speaker of the Polish Parliament Elżbieta Witek and the Speaker of the Polish Senate Tomasz Grodzki laid wreaths and paid tribute to all the victims of the German Nazi concentration and extermination camp at the Death Wall in the courtyard of block 11, where the Germans executed approximately 5,500 people, mostly Poles, prisoners detained in the camp prison and the so-called political prisoners sentenced to death by the Gestapo summary court.
The guests also descended into the basement of Block 11, which housed the camp detention room. Here, the saw among others, the starvation cell where Franciscan friar, Rev. Maximilian Kolbe was murdered in August 1941. In September 1941, in the basement of block 11, the Germans made the first mass attempt to murder people using Zyklon B.
The delegation also visited the Jewish “Shoah” exhibition prepared by the Yad Vashem Institute, in block 27. Its subsequent rooms are devoted to the life of Jews before the war, the ideology of the German Nazis and the extermination of Jews, among others, in German-occupied Europe. One of the rooms is dedicated to the memory of children murdered during the Holocaust.
At the end of the visit to the former Auschwitz I camp; the delegation saw the building of the first gas chamber and crematorium. Nancy Pelosi and the congressmen signed the Museum's Visitors Book.
"In memory of every single person who was killed at Auschwitz. May they rest in Peace! And may we all be committed of the pledge “Never again” - Nancy Pelosi wrote in the Museum's Visitors Book.
In the second part of the tour, the guests visited the former Auschwitz II-Birkenau camp. They also saw, among other things, a freight wagon situated on the unloading ramp, which as of May 1944 was used for transporting deportees to the camp - mainly Jews, from Hungary and the decommissioned Litzmannstadt ghetto, as well as Poles deported to Auschwitz from the Warsaw Uprising. At the ramp, the SS doctors subjected the deported Jews to a selection procedure deported, often referring most of the deportees to immediate death in the gas chambers.
The guests also visited the brick prisoner barrack, which was subjected to conservation with funds from the Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation, and the ruins of the gas chamber and crematorium II.
At the end of the visit, Nancy Pelosi and members of the American delegation placed candles at the monument in Birkenau commemorating all the victims of the Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz.