'The Roma in Auschwitz' - new on-line lesson
A new e-lesson “The Roma in Auschwitz” which tells the history of the Roma extermination in Auschwitz concentration camp between 1941 and 1944 has been published by the Center of Education on www.auschwitz.org. Its author is Teresa Wontor-Cichy, the historian of the Research Centre of the Auschwitz Museum.
The main topic of the lesson is the history of deportations and the subsequent extermination of Roma and Sinti in the Auschwitz camp. The lesson describes inter alia how they were considered enemies of the Third Reich. At first, they were transported to the area of General Government, and subsequently to the Kulmhof extermination camp, where they were murdered in gas chambers.
The first Roma were deported to Auschwitz already in 1941. Two years later, a Roma camp, so called Zigeunerlager, was created in Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Whole Roma families were placed there. It is estimated that the Germans imprisoned a total number of around 23 thousand Roma – men, women and children – in the Auschwitz camp. Around 20 thousand were murdered or died at the camp.
“The lesson is available in two languages: Polish and English. The whole includes a historical lecture with fragments of testimonies of the former prisoners, computer-edited photographs, archive documents and maps adjusted for e-learning”, said Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka, who is in charge of e-learning at the International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust.
The history of the Sinti and Roma in Auschwitz is also described in one of the volumes of the ‘Voices of Memory’ series.