During work on the new main exhibition of the Museum we were able to establish the identity of 8 prisoners, whose camp photographs can be found at the Russian exhibition in Block 14 titled “Tragedy. Valour. Liberation”.
'At the moment, we are conducting a preliminary archival research and selecting registration photographs of prisoners from various nationalities, which will be presented at our new exhibition. The photographs on display in Block 14 are signed “Prisoners registered as Russians. Names unknown”. We were able to identify eight of them', said Magdalena Urbaniak of the New Main Exhibition team.
Iwan Worlasow (No. 53825)
Alex Basiuk (No. 58531)
Peter Twerdochlib (No. 102298) – died 25.6.1943
Arnold Nikolaus (No. 78823) - born 01.05.1899
Wladimir Osminkin (No. 65862) - born 15.05.1914
Valentina Bowtuta (No. 28287) - born 16.06.1923
Wiera Bielorusow (No. 32075) - born 1923
Vera Andziewska (No. 27173) - born 19.03.1921
'The results of our research will be given to the authors of the exhibition, to complement the exposition,' added Magdalena Urbaniak.
The Russian exhibition “Tragedy. Valour. Liberation” is located in Block 14 of the former Auschwitz I camp, one of nine, in which thousands of Russian POWs were accommodated in October 1941. Its organiser is the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 in Moscow
It tells about the tragedy of Soviet POWs, describes the policies of German occupying forces towards the civil population in the occupied territories of the USSR, about the fate of POWs and the civilian population deported from the USSR to Auschwitz, as well as the liberation of the camp by the Red Army.
About 11,964 Soviet POWs were registered in the German Nazi Auschwitz camp, but according to estimates at least 3,000 Soviet soldiers deported to the camp were murdered before registration. Therefore, a total of approx. 15 thousand Soviet soldiers were taken captive to the camp. Given the fact that several hundred of them were deported from the camp, and a few dozen escaped, we may conclude that the number of Soviet POWs dead and killed in the camp amounted to over 14 thousand. Their history is recalled by the online lesson “The fate of Soviet POWs in KL Auschwitz” and a publication from the series “Voices of Memory”.