Online Lesson – preparation for a visit to the Auschwitz Memorial
"Auschwitz - Memorial Site" is a new online lesson of the Museum, whose main task is to prepare for a visit to the former German Nazi concentration and extermination camp.
“In 2014, the Memorial was visited by a record number of more than 1.5 million people, most of them young people. Many groups visit here upon prior preparation, e.g. in schools. However, it is clear that amongst them are persons with little knowledge of the origins of Nazism, topics related to World War II, or the events that took place in Auschwitz”, said Andrzej Kacorzyk, director of the International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust.
“While visiting the authentic historic site, visitors will learn the details of the camp history. We have been striving for several years to direct our activities among others, to teachers so that pupils, in particular, are well prepared for the visit to the Memorial Site. Besides the recommended assistance in preparing for the visit and its conclusion posted on our website, we now provide online lessons on history, which may be helpful in understanding the situation in Europe before and during the Second World War”, Kacorzyk added.
GO TO THE LESSON
The first part of the lesson is a general description of the Auschwitz Memorial. The second part is entitled "How did this happen - the origin and essence of Nazism". Here, one will find the basic information on the reasons for the birth of Nazism, the situation in Germany during the inter-war period, foundations and goals of the Nazi ideology, reasons for the persecution and extermination of Jews by the Germans, and the attitude of the Third Reich to the Romani people.
The third part is the "territorial expansion of the Third Reich - The Second World War", from which the reader will learn how the history of World War II influenced the course of events in the Auschwitz concentration camp. The fourth part on the other hand - "The German occupation of Poland in comparison to that of other countries," - primarily describes the realities and main features of the German occupation, which had a different dimension in Poland compared to most of the occupied Europe. Here we also publish information about the reaction of Poles in the September 1939 defeat and their subsequent fight for freedom. The reader will also obtain basic information associated with different types of German occupation policy in Europe.
“The author of the lesson is Miroslaw Obstarczyk, an employee of the Museum and long-standing educator-guide, who often works with young people visiting the Memorial Site. Besides historical texts, the lesson contains many pictures, maps, interactive diagrams, accounts and documents. All this in order for the user to receive a very clearly outlined historical context, which the plot is the story of Auschwitz,” - said the head of E-learning in ICEAH, Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka.
“The lesson has been prepared in such a way that its individual parts are wholly autonomous. Thanks to this a teacher or person preparing for a visit to the Memorial Site can focus on selected key issues. The entire lesson is complemented with test exercises and a glossary,” added Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka.