New book and online lesson on the liberation of Auschwitz


Auschwitz after the liberation” is the new publication of the Museum, written by Dr. Jacek Lachendro, historian from the Research Center, in connection with the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. It is most of all the history of what happened in the premises of the former German Nazi Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp from the moment of liberation until the creation of the State Museum in 1947. This topic is also discussed in a new online lesson of the Auschwitz Memorial.   

The album, richly illustrated with archive photographs, includes texts devoted among others to medical assistance provided to former prisoners of Auschwitz, burial of corpses of the victims, help given by the inhabitants of Oświęcim and nearby villages to liberated prisoners, the works of the Soviet and Polish commission investigating German crimes in the premises of the former camp. One of the chapters is also devoted to the history of Soviet camps for German POWs, established in the autumn of 1945 in the former camp area.

“Very little is still known about the history of the premises of the former Auschwitz camp from the moment of liberation until the creation of the Museum. That is why this publication aims at familiarizing the readers in an accessible manner  with the most important facts connected with the former camp at this moment of its history. It is worth emphasizing that a number of those events and phenomena had an important influence on the shaping of the memory about Auschwitz”, Dr. Lachendro said. The book is available in Polish at the online bookstore of the Auschwitz Memorial.

He is also the author of the new online lesson “Evacuation and liberation of KL Auschwitz”.

“It consists of a dozen parts concerning among others the initial stage of liquidation of the camp in late 1944, final days of the camp, liberation and medical assistance provided to liberated prisoners. Historical description is enriched with archive photographs, documents, excerpts of accounts by former prisoners and fragments of films, e.g. Liberation Chronicle or a unique video showing an evacuation transport of prisoners from Auschwitz passing through the station in Kolin on January 24, 1945”, said Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka, Head of the E-learning Department in the International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust. The lesson is available in English and in Polish.

“The Internet makes it possible to reach these people who would like to learn about the history of Auschwitz but they are not able to visit the authentic Memorial for example due to long distance. The lesson can also be used by teachers who wish to prepare their students for visiting the former camp”, Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka added.

More online lessons are made available by the Museum at; they include “Auschwitz – concentration and extermination camp” (language versions: Polish, English, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Persian), “Deportations of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz” (language versions: Polish, English), “Sonderkommando” (language versions: Polish, English), “The Roma in KL Auschwitz” (language versions: Polish, English).