"Deportations of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz" - new online lesson
The new online lesson on the Museum’s website is dedicated to the history of Jews deported from Hungary in order to be exterminated at the German Nazi concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz. This year we commemorate the 70th anniversary of those events.
The main topic is the extermination of the Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz, but the lesson also describes the history of the Jewish community in this country before the Second World War and during the period before the deportations. The author of the lesson is Dr. Piotr Setkiewicz, head of the Museum’s Research Centre.
“The lesson is available in two language versions - Polish and English. It is based on an extensive historical lecture to which fragments of former prisoners’ testimonies, multimedia, photographs, archival documents and maps are added. All of them have been adapted for e-learning”, said Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka, head of E-learning in the International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust.
The main deportation phase of the Jews from Hungary began on 14th May and lasted until 9th July 1944. During that period, 142 trains came to Auschwitz. The total number of the deported amounted to around 420 thousand. “If we add the transportations from April and several smaller ones from the end of summer and autumn 1944, then the total number of people deported from Hungary will rise up to around 430 thousand. Upon arrival to Auschwitz, 325 – 330 thousand people lost their lives in gas chambers. This is more than 75% of all the deported”, said dr Piotr Setkiewicz.
“The lesson dedicated to the topic of the extermination of Hungarian Jews is the first of the series of lessons that we make available now. We are also working on new lessons, which are dedicated to the events associated with the seventieth anniversaries falling this year: the liquidation of the family camp for Sinti and Roma, transports of Poles during the Warsaw Uprising and the Sonderkommando revolt,” said Agnieszka Juskowiak-Sawicka.
Furthermore, in the near future the German version of the lesson „Auschwitz – concentration and extermination camp” will be available on-line.