- opening of the new DDR (East German) exhibition titled "The Anti-Fascist Movement in Germany, 1933-1945";
- opening of the new Hungarian national exhibition;
- discovery of the notes of Sonderkommando member Lejb on the Birkenau grounds.
- for its activities, the Museum receives the International Peace Council's Frederic Joliot-Curie Gold Medal. The medal is presented by International Peace Council chairwoman Isabelle Blume during a demonstration at Birkenau on September 1, the date of the outbreak of the war;
- 30,000 people take part in a high mass at the Death Wall to mark the beatification of Father Maksymiliana Kolbe;
- preservation work on Crematorium II and its gas chambers in Birkenau.
- opening of the "Auschwitz Concentration Camp" exhibition in Japan;
- first International Conference of Martyrdom Museums.
- opening of an exhibition of camp art in Budapest;
- opening of the "Auschwitz Warns" exhibition in Prague.
October 1973 - December 1974
- sessions of a Commission of Experts convened to solve the overall problems of the utilization of the areas around the Museum and to examine long-term plans for the development of the Museum. Plans for connecting the two parts of the Museum, and adding needed road and parking facilities at Birkenau, are examined. Museum staff members present proposals for shifting the focus to Birkenau by relocating the main visitor reception and routing area in the vicinity of the Birkenau site.
- sociological research on young visitors to the Auschwitz site.
- Second International Conference of Martyrdom Museums.
- opening of the Bulgarian national exhibition.
- opening of the Austrian national exhibition;
- opening of the new "Struggle and Martyrdom of the Jews" exhibition on the 35th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising;
- opening of the "Memory of Human tragedy" exhibition in Czechoslovakia.
- Pope John Paul II says high mass at the Birkenau site for the intention of the victims of Auschwitz concentration camp. Approximately 1,000,000 people attend.
- opening of the French national exhibition.
- the Polish proposal to include the Museum on the UNESCO World Heritage List is accepted.
- sociological research on young visitors to the former camp.