MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

1950-1959

1950

  • the Museum statutes are approved;
  • the general exhibition is expanded.

1952

  • notes by an anonymous Sonderkommando member are discovered on the grounds of the former Birkenau concentration camp.  

1955

  • a new permanent exhibition is opened on the Auschwitz I site.
  • a monument-urn is unveiled on the grounds of the former Birkenau concentration camp.

1957

  • parliament passes a law fixing the boundaries of the Museum;
  • the Documentation Department of the Cracow District Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes in Poland is transferred to the Museum, where it becomes the Archive Department;
  • the first issues of Zeszytów Oswiecimskich and Hefte von Auschwitz (The Auschwitz Journal) are published.  

1959

  • the jury selects a winner in an international competition for a monument on the Birkenau grounds; the project is never realized because it violates the July 2, 1947 law on the inadmissibility of changes to the camp grounds.