MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

1945-1949

December 1945

  • at a meeting of the Peoples' National Council, former prisoner Alfred Fiderkiewicz submits a proposal for a law on the establishment of a Museum on the grounds of the former concentration camp.  

February 1946

  • The Presidium of the Council of State orders the Ministry of Culture and Arts to secure and organize permanent custodianship over the grounds of the former Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

1947

  • the Polish parliament passes a law establishing the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.  

June 1947

  • the opening of a permanent exhibition on the grounds of the former Auschwitz I-Main Camp marks the opening of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum.  

1947-1955

  • a debate goes on throughout Poland on the size of the Museum grounds and the way the Museum is being organized.

1948

  • The Cracow branch of the Okregowa Komisja Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich w Polsce (District Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes in Poland) establishes a Documentation Department.