MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Totenbuch - Auschwitz III - memories

I am an owner of a parcel, which was occupied by the Germans together with neighbouring lands, I think in 1943, for the camp for prisoners hired at construction of IG Farben factory in Dwory. (…)

After freeing the country, in 1946 I moved to one of the barracks, which were incorporated into the former camp. This barrack had a signboard with a German inscription reading "Krankebau". There were foundations and sewage wholes of another barrack nearby. In April 1947 I cleaned these holes. During these works I found a metal tin, wrapped in a piece of wire. I reckon that the tin was attached with that wire to some kind of stone, and drowned in the sewage. While taking a closer look, I found out that the tin comprised of two smaller tins, soldered together and on the top. The tins started to rust, so I managed to open them with no tools. After that, I found a package wrapped in thick paper, dirty, stained from rust on the outside. After unpacking it, I found a set of white and blue papers, with German texts, in majority including lists of various last names, numbers and dates. These papers were wrapped from the outside in a list bearing different lines, dates and numbers.

Władysław Bartula

 

??? There is not much I can say about reporting performed in the camp hospital. I only know that we needed to provide the number of sick prisoners remaining in the hospital as well as everyday personnel hired in it. The remaining statistics were dealt with by the SDG as he was personally responsible for those matters. He also signed the lists of sick prisoners sent to KL Birkenau. Of course SDGs did not prepare the reports on themselves. This work was performed by prisoners hired in the hospital office (Schreibstube), i.e. Feliks Rauch and Stefan Heymann. (...) I know that right before evacuation of the camp, Heymann buried some documentation regarding the hospital right behind the hospital barrack. I had heard that Heymann had prepared some statistical lists for himself, which he was to hide as well.

Stefan Buthner, Budziaszek in the camp (No 20526)

 

In Buna, dr Wladimir Hanak played a role of a disinfector and dead body’s carrier (Leichenträger). When I mentioned in a conversation with him that I spent 4 years in Hitler's concentration camps, he decided to help me. On his own responsibility, with no permission from SS authorities, he hired me in the organized prisoner hospital. I simply helped him to carry the bodies. The room, where the corpses were stored, was located in the ambulatory barrack. This room was systematically emptied in the morning of each following day. The corpses were transported to the crematorium, and the room needed to be disinfected with lime on every day basis.

Karel Minc (No 68582)

 

Deaths in the Monowitz camp, especially in the first period of its existence, regarded the prisoners, who were shot by the SS wardens during work, or the suicides, who ceased their suffering on the electric wires that fenced the camp. There were also cases, when kapos - usually professional bandits - killed the prisoners. Furthermore, a certain number of deaths were caused by exhaustion, collapse during work, or after returning to the camp, especially in the winter period.

            Deaths in the Monowitz hospital were caused mainly by, especially in winter periods: complications of circulatory system and of meningeal of lobar pneumonias, tuberculuous meningitis; and for the whole year: wasting as a result of diarrhoeas, phlegmon with long-standing abscess. (…)

            Corpses of the deceased were collected in a mortuary at the disinfection room, from where they were transported by a heavy vehicle to the crematorium in Birkenau.

Antoni Makowski (No 131791)