MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Johann Paul Kremer

Prisoners were also put to death for research purposes in connection with diseases resulting from the effects of starvation on the human organism, particularly “brown liver atrophy” (braune Atrophie). A professor of anatomy from the University of Münster who lectured there on anatomy and human genetics, SS-Obersturmführer Johann Paul Kremer, carried out this research. He chose prisoners who struck him as suitable research subjects from those who asked to be admitted to the hospital, or he simply chose them from among the patients in the hospital.