MEMORIAL AND MUSEUM

AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU

FORMER GERMAN NAZI
CONCENTRATION AND EXTERMINATION CAMP

Children born in Auschwitz

In the early period of the existence of the women’s camp, children born there were put to death, regardless of their ethnicity, without being entered in the camp records.

From mid-1943, non-Jewish newborns were permitted to live. Several days after birth, the fact was noted in the records and they were assigned camp numbers. Children born to Jewish women were put to death until November 1944, when the mass extermination of the Jews was halted. Children born in the family camp for Jews from Terezin were not put to death; there are, however, no extant records as to how many children were born there. They were all killed during the liquidation of that camp in July 1944.

Available documents indicate that at least 700 children were born in Auschwitz-Birkenau, including those born in the Gypsy